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    万亿正网开户【ahykyc.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。神农架闯炯勾信息技术有限公司(原绵阳谟票鞍家庭服务有限公司)成立于1998年,占地面积95877平方米,银河集团幸运5张其中生产厂房占地3299平方米,仓库面积占地7037平方米。固定资产7194万元,流动资产4577万元,干部职工共779人,工程技术人员34人。万亿正网开户,economyhasgrownatahigherlevelandtendstoaccelerate;therehasbeenaboomingdemandonChinesedomesticmarket,investmenthasincreasedfasterandconsumptionhasbeenmorevigorous;foreigntr,accelerationofeconomicgrowthhasbeenbroughtundercontrol,,%%,theChineseeconomycontinueditshighergrowth,%year-on-year,,,%、%、%%,,,theoverallleveloftheeconomicgrowthwashigherthanlastyear,,fixedassetinvestmentofthewholesocietyamountedto10987billionyuan,%againstlastyear,,,%,ns,%fromJanuarytoApril,%fromJanuarytoMay,%fromJanuarytoJune,%fromJanuarytoJuly,%fromJanuarytoSeptember,%fromJanuarytoNovember,showi,totalretailvalueofsocialconsumergoodsamountedto7641billionyuan,%againstlastyear,rgoods,theratewas13%fromJanuarytoApril,%fromJanuarytoMay,%fromJanuarytoJune,%fromJanuarytoJuly,%fromJanuarytoSeptember,%fromJanuarytoNovember,tasalltheyearround,%,%,%,%.,%againstlastyear,,,%;,%.Withimportandexportvolumesoffsettingeachother,,%,,%,%,%,,industrialenterprisesabo,%.Tosumup,economicgrowthpresentedapatternofgrowingfast,,%in2007,%-%,,%ratepossiblyobtainedbyacountryunderthegivenavailabletechnologiesandresou-2006,GDPgrowthrateofChinawere10%,%,%%respectively,alwaysremainingabove10%andslightlyincreased;atthesametime,-2006,%,%,%respectively;%,%%,itcanbethoughtthattodatetheeconomicgrowthhasneversurpassedthepotentialgrowthrateand,intermsofemployment,,howtofigureoutChinascurrentpotentialeconomicgrowthratehasbecomea,whenChinasucceededinrealizingthe"softlanding"ofitseconomy,thereexistedaconsistentcognitionthatthepotentialgrowthrateoftheChineseeconomyremainedaround7-8%.Butlater,theinsufficientdemandandovercooleconomythatcameintobeingduring1998-2000provedthattheeconomicgrowthrateof7-8%isonthelowsideagainstthepresentdevelopmentinChina,especiallyagainsttheenormouspressureofemployment(theaverageannualeconomicgrowthrateduring1998-%).Around2001-2006,%,-2000,accordingly,thehouseholdconsumerpriceindexgrewfrom-%%.Onthewhole,suchachangewaspositive,quickeningeconomicgrowth,ound10%.Ifinconsiderationofthecurrentsocialfundsurplus(prodigiousamountofbankdeposits,hugeamountsofforeignexchangereserve,etc.),laborsurplus(ahugepressureofemployment),andthegoodtechnicalelementstosupporttheproductioncapacity;andinconsiderationoftheabilityformarketadjustmentandsupplygrowthbeingheightened(alsotheabilityoftheenterprisesbeingenhancedinindependentdevelopment),itcanbethoughtthattheChinesepotentialeconomicgrowthrateshouldbeslightlyhigherthan10%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LongGuoqiangCurrently,Chinaisun,theindu,toaccuratelyseizethenewopportunitiesarisingfromglobalizationandtopushforwardtheupgradingofindustrialstructurewhileChinaseconomyisIndustrialUpgradingOverthepasttwodecades,theaccumulatedforeigndirectinvestment(FDI)toChinahasexceededUS$,alargeamountofexport-orien,Chinahasbecometheworld,Chinaneedstocontinuetodev,itisalsoimperativetotransformthecountry,theCPCcentralcommitteehasputforwardtheconceptofscientificdevelopment,alongwiththegoalofcomprehensive,,thetransformationmustbeproceededwithaviewtoelevatingChina,ries(1)Thereisastron,whichhasledtoasurgeinurbaninfrastructureconstructionandhasinturnboostedastrongdemandfortheheavyandchemicalindustriessuchasironsteel,cement,sconsumptionstructurepromptedbytheriseinpercapitaincome,whichhaspushedupthedemandforautomobileandhousestoanewlevel,wh,,petrochemicals,machineryandchemicals,therehavebeenmoreandmorecasesofmergersandacquisitions(MAs),theChinesegovernmenthas,forthefirsttimeinhistory,promulgatedrelevantregulationsinordertocreateabettersystematicenvironmentfortransnationalMAs.(2)Massiveexport-orienteda,foreigninvestorshavemassively,ahugeassemblycapacityhasbeenformed,whic,moreandmoreupstreamsparepartshavebeenproducedinChina,leadingtotheform,this"importsubstitute"iscompletedundertheconditionsofopeningtotheoutsideworld,whichwillresultinacontinuo(1)RDinternationalizationandits"spillovereffect".RDinternationalic:(UNCTAD)conductedasur,eachtransnationalcorporationspentanaverage28%Dinstitutionsin1985,,atotalof375foreignc~1990period,thenumberoftheovers%,%.ThethirdmanifestationofRDglobalizationisagro1995bytheworldslargesttransnationalcorporations,%,theNetherlands,Belgium,SwitzerlandandotherEuropeancountries,over50%ofthepatentapplicatiiesadoptedbytransnationalcorporationstoc,theadvanceininformationtechnologyandthemodulizationofRDactivitieshavemadeitpo,conductingoversea,astheseactivitiesareclosertothemarketsofthehostcountries,transnationalcorporationscanincreasetherelevanceoftheircorpo,theycantakeadvantageofthelow-costRDresourcesandespeciallythehumanr,theyaremoreconsistentwiththepoliciesofthehostcountriesa,at,theappealoftheChinesemarketwillbeincreasinglystrongerandmoretransnati,theRDinstitutionsoftransnationalcorporationscanproducea"spillovereffect"onthehostcountries,mainlythroughthemechanismsofdemonstration,themovementofemployeesandinformation,cooperation,gy,effectsisamajortopicfordevelopingcountriesinenhancingtheirinnovationcapacity.(2)Globalizationhasprovidednumerousop,theycanestablishRDins,theycanacquireoverseasRDinstitutionsortechnology,,theycantakeadvantageofoverseasventureinvestmentfundsandc(1)T,theserviceindus%~2003period,theserviceindustryattractedUS$461billionofforeigninvestment,accountingfor66%productionservicesectors,includingbusinessservice(29%),financialservice(25%),transport/warehousing/communications(16%),andtrade(11%).Inaddition,transnationalcorporationshavebegunestablishicountrieswillgreatlyraisetheoverallleveloftheserviceindustryindevelopingcountriesthroughthemechanismsofdemonstration,competitionandmovementofhumanresources....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:WorldInvestmentReport2001:PromotingLinkages,ChinaFinancialPublishingHouse,2002,:WorldInvestmentReport2005,。

    ByLvGangResearchReportNo004,2006Inthepasttwodecades,ForeignDirectInvestment(FDI)hasmadesignificantcontributionstoChina’seconomicdevelopmentbyincreasingitsindustrialproduction,exports,employme’sdomestictechnologicalcapability(),however,,positiveeffectsofFDIonhostcountries’technologyadvancementaremainlymanifestedintwoways,namelytechnologytransferandtechnologyspillovers(ordiffusion).ThetechnologytransferfromTransnationalCorporations(TNCs)totheirsubsidiariesinChinahasdramaticallyraisedthetechnologylevelofthecountry’smanufacturingsectorinarelativelyshortperiod,butitisgenerallybelievedthatthetechnologicalcapacityofforeign-investedenterprises(FIEs)shouldnotbecountedasthehostcountry’sDomesticTechnologicalCapability(DTC).Besides,thetechnologiesobtainedbyFIEsfromtheirparentcompaniesareforthemostpartthoseembodiedinproductsormachineryratherthanthetechnologicalabilitytodesign,,onlythetechnologicalcapacityoflocalfirmsisregardedasChina’,technologyspilloversmayboostlocalenterprises’,whichreferstotheconnectionsbetweenforeignTNCs’,whentheemployeesofFIEsgotoworkforlocalenterprises,the,wheretheexistenceofFIEsintensifiesmarketcompetitioninthehostcountryandforceslocalfirmstoraiselaborpr,whichmeansthatthead,FDImayalsohavenegativeeffectsonthedevelopmentofhostcountries’,localfirmsmaybecomeheavilydependentonimportedtechnologyandreluctanttoconductindependentResearchandDevelopment(RD).Secondly,withtheiradvantageintermsofbrands,technologyandcapital,FIEsmayachievemonopolisticoroligopolistpositioninhostcountry’smarketandthereforerestrainlocalfirms’:ACross-sectionStudyQuiteafewforeignscholarshaveconductedresearchontherelationshipbetweenFDIandhostdevelopingcountries’identifywhetherthereexistsasignificantrelationshipbetweentheratioofFDIinindustrialsectorsandlocalfirms’,however,’laborproductivityandconcludedthattechnologyspilloversdidexist[1].OthersclaimedthattherehadbeennosignificanteffectsofFDIonthegrowthrateoflocalfirms’everyindustry,butaredependentonthetechnologicalcapacityoflocalfirmsandthemarketsizeofhostcountries[2].MostexistingempiricalstudybydomesticscholarsonF’sinvestigation(2002)on127FIEsinBeijing,Shanghai,ShenzhenandSuzhou,andWangChunfa’sinvestigationonalmost400FIEsinBeijing,Shanghai,Shenzhen,filiatesinChina,,however,’sinvestigationshowedthat58%ofthesampleFIEshavelocalsuppliers,amongwhich69%haveinfluencedtheirlocalsuppliersbysettingupqualitystandardsforthelatter,buyingsharesofthelatter,,morethanhalfofthesampleFIEsinWang’sinvestigationbelievedtheyhavedonelittletoenhanceChina’swithlocalfirms;overtwothirdsofsampleFIEshaveno(1994)hassetupacross-sectionregressionmodeltoid,explanationsofvariablesandhypothesesTheequationisasfollows:XiaoJunyan,,2005TherehasbeenmuchdiscussionaboutthegoalsofthereformoftheAgriculturalDevelopmentBankofChina(ADBC).Thegoalscouldbeapproximatelysummarizedasfollows:firstly,keepingthecurrentorganizationofthebank,adjustingitsfunctionsandexpandingitsbusinessscopefromthecurrentsupportoncirculationofgrainandcottontootherfields;secondly,mergingwiththegrass-rootsagenciesoftheAgriculturalBankofChinaandtheRuralCreditCooperativetoestablisha"RuralRegionalDevelopmentBank";thirdly,mergingwiththeNationalDevelopmentBankortheAgriculturalBankofChina;fourthly,transferringthebusinessofgrain,cottonandedibleoiltotheotherpolicybanksandturningitintoadevelopmentbankfortheunder-developedregions;fifthly,transferringthebusinessofgrain,cottonandedibleoiltotheotherpolicybanksandsettinguparuralcreditguaranteebam,theAgriculturalDevelopmentBankhasgraduallygoneintoadilemma:themarketizationofgraincirculationhasbeenspedup;thepolicy-basedpurchaseofgrainandstoragehasbeenshrunk;therehasbeenahugesuspenseaccountduetodeficitaccumulatedinthepastyearsandmisappropriatedfunds;asthebusinessofADBChasdwindled,anditspositionasapolicybankhasbeenlowered,,themainproblemsofADBCare:"statebankfortheprocurementofgrain,cottonandedibleoil",ADBC[1]isresponsibleforguaranteeingthesafetyofloans,,peoplefromoutside(includingthemacrocontroldecision-makers)’sstatisticsshowthatbytheendof2001,th,thegrainpurchaseandreservepolicyhasseentwistsandturns,,anagement,,(thefiscalyearforgrainsectorisApriltoMarchofthefollowingyear),’,which,;theother80billionyuanofmisappropriatedfundswasaresultofADBC’sviolationoftheStateCouncilregulations,grantingloansforgrain-tradingfirmstobuycarsandotherconsumergoods,buildhouses,startsidelinebusinesses,,thebank’sbusinesssh,itsscopeofservicehasbeenverynarrow,onlycoveringtheprocurementofgrain,,grainandedibleoilmakeupmorethan80%whilecottononlyaccountsfor15%.,ADBCcanhardlypipwithinthegrainsectorInthepastdecade,thecentralgovernmenthasdemandedthatabalancebemaintainedbetweengrainsecurityandgrainsupplyanddemand,whichshouldbecoveredbya"provincialgovernorresponsibilitysystem".,whichhasadoptedasystemcenteredonadministrativeplanningandsupportedbyaguaranteeofmonopolizedoperationrightandfunds(loansandsubsidies).Thenagamerelationshiphasbeenformedbetweenthecentralgovernmentandtheothergrain-relatedinterestparties(localgovernments,state-ownedgraintradingsystemandthebank).Otheri:firstly,sufficientfundsmustbeofferedtotheimplementationofgrainprocurementandreserveplan,otherwiseyouarenotattachingenoughimportancetoagriculture,farmers’protectionandstabilityofthegrainmarket;secondly,localgovernments,,themoreloansandsubsidieswillbegrantedandthemoreimportantlocalgovernments,,andmoredeficitsandfundmisappropriationarelikelytooccur;thirdly,thecentralgovernmentcanonlyrelyonlocalgovernments,state-o"hungerforfunds".Pressuredbythismechanism,thecentralgovernmenthasincreasedloansandsubsidiesandadoptalaissez-faireattitudeovertheloopholesthathavecausedmajorlosses.10-200米ZhangLipingInordertoadapttothescenarioafterentryintotheWTO,Chinahaslaunchedin2001theInternationalMarketDevelopmentFundforSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises(SMEs)(hereinafterreferredtoas"IMDF"),SMEswithanannualexportvolumelessthanUSD15millionc,IMDFhadmaderemarkableachievementsinenablingSMEstogetaccesstointernationalmarketthroughvariouslinkssuchasoverseasexhibition,internationalcertification,overseasmarketpublicity,developmentofnewlyemergingmarket,training,%1inthepastfiveyears,morethantwotimesthatofthewholeSMEsatthesameperiod(%)andmuchhigherthanChinasaverageannualexportgrowthrate(30%).Itisnecessarytoevaluateensivejudgmentonthefollowingimportantissues:whetherIMDFisoperatedaccordingtodesignatedtargets,whataretherolesofIMDF,howmuchitcancontributetoexport,whataretheproblemsintheoperation,,MethodsandContentsoftheEvaluationObjectivity:Theprojectteamhasanalyzeddataandmaterialscollectedbycompetentdepartments,reviewedrelevantissuesbymeansofquestionnairesurvey,discussionsandvisitingenterprises,,questionnairesweresenttoenterprisesandtocompetentdepartmentsrespectivelythroughthewebsiteofIMDF,andreturnedthroughwebsiteorviadepartmentsofcommerceatvariouslevels,,541and12,132questionnaireshave,6,656werefromthoseenterprisesthathavenotreceivedanyfundsupportand5,(5,000)andofSMEs(46,000)registeredonline,%%edordeliveredvalidanswerstoeachquestion2,onlythosevalidanswerswereanalyzedinspecificquestions,:Theteammembershund,thoseenterprisesthath:Thisevaluationtriestosummarizetheachievementsandproblemsinthepast,sIMDF,,thefundvolumeisgettinglargerthoughremainssmallasawhole;secondly,thenumberofcompetentdepartmentshasbeenincreasinggradually,andrelatedpoliciesandadministrationshavebeenimprovedcontinuously;thirdly,:targetfulfillment,evaluatewhetherthegrantofIMDFconformstotheobjectivesandprinciplesoftheMeasuresforAdministrationofInternationalMarketDevelopmentFundofSME(fortrialimplementation)(hereinafterreferredtoastheAdministrationMeasures),andusethedatacollectedthroughquestionnairesurveystoevaluateIMDFpoliciesandtheirimplementationaswellasthefund,amathemlmarketInthepastfiveyears,thefundhasassistedSMEstogetaccesstointernationalmarketinrespectofsixcategoriesand19sub-categories(SeetheTablebelowfordetailedinformation).TheseitemsarethepivotallinksforSMEstocarryoutinternationalbusinessandareconvenientforimplementation,"guides",eventhoseenterpri。

    bet188体育游戏下载BySuYangResearchReportNo072,2006The,theruralareasinChinawerenotedforalowlevelofindustrialization,,theenvironmentalproblemsinChina’sruralareasweremainlymanifestedindesertification,,however,ruralpollutionhasbecomeanincreasinglyseriousproblemasChinahasspedupthepa,lionsofruralpeople,butalsoeventuallyimpairedthelifeandhealthofurbanpeoplethroughwater,air,ntrysideasoneofitsgoals,solvingtheenvironmentalpollutioninthtionChina’sruralmodernizationinvolvestheintensificationandindustrializationofthemodeofproduction,theurbanizatio,toacertainextent,,whilethecountrymovesfromanagrariansocietytoanindustrialsociety,thestructureoftheruralindustrya,thesecondaryindustryfeaturingruralenterprisesha,townsandtownshipsandevennaturalvillagesareassumingthecharacteristicsofurbanizationandmakingtattheenvironmentalpollutionintheprocessofruralmodernizationcanbeclassifiedintothreecategoriesaccordingtothedifferentsourcesofpollution:ductionWithahugepopulationandscarcelandresources,Cisetheunitlandoutput,and,inadditiontothelargeramountofchemicalfertilizersandpesticidesconsumedintherapiddevelopmentoffruitandvegetableproduction,hasalsoturned[1].Convertedintounitcultivatedarea,theuseofchemicalfertilizersis40tonspersquarekilometers,,butalsoaggravatedtheorganicandeutrophicpollutionofthewate,surface-sourcedpollutioninmanyregionsGulfalsoindicatesthatthesourceofpollutionthathaseutrophicatedwaterbodiesmainlycomes,thesurface-sourcedpollutantsintheTaihuLakehasaccountedformorethanon,,ofwhich,,soilandfarmproducts,in2002indicatedthat20-60percentoftheproductswerefoundtocontainpesticidesand20-45percentofthemwerefoundtoexceedthelimits,,chemicalfertilizersandpesticideshaveturnedthepollutionofthewaterenvironmentinChina’seasternregionsfromtheconventionalpoint-sourcedpollutiontothecompoundpol,,morethan600,auforEnvironmentalProtectionindicatedt,s,thiskindofpoll,,becauseofthepopularizationofchemicalfertilizersandtheadjustmentoffuelstructure,ironmentbutalsocausesgreettlementsandthepoorenvironmentalmanagementAsmodernizationgainsmomentum,,newvillagesandnewhouses,planningandinfrastructureconstructionhavebeenlaggingbehind:,neglectingtheorganiclinksoftheseplanswiththeplansforlanduse,,thetownsandruralsettlementsei,thedomesticpollutantsfromthetownsandruralsettlementsaregenerallydischargeddirectlyintotheadjacentenvironment,makingtheenvironmentdirty,,theruraldomesticgarbagetotalingabout120milliontonsayearisalmostentirelypiledintheopenairandtheruraldom,theenviroreauforEnvironmentalProtectionindicatedthatexceptfortheair-pollutionindicator,allotherenvironmentalindicatorsoftheruralsettlementswerealreadyworsethanintheurbanareas.ByLinZeyan,,2007Ingeneral,thoseworkinginChinasstate-ownedenterprisesandinstitutionsandgovernmentdepartmentsarecalledsystempersonnel,,developmentandimprovementofthesocialistmarketeconomy,:HumanDevelopmentintheHistoricalProcessofBuildingaHarmoniousSocietycompiledbyChinaInstituteofPersonnelScienceundertheMinistryofPersonnel,morethan70%ofthecountrysprofessionalandtechnicalpersonnelwereworkinginthestate-ownedenterprisesandinstitutions,,thenumberofworkersandthatofprofessionalandtechnicalpersonnelworkinginthenon-state-ownedunits,namelyintheorganizationsoutsidethesystem,~,personneldistributioninsomeregionswherenon-publiceconomywasfairlydevelopedhadundergoneamajorchange:loped,only30%ofthe32,000personnelofdifferentcategoriesareworkinginsidethesystem,namelyinthepartyandstateorgansandstate-ownedenterprisesandinstitutions,while70%areworkingoutsidethesystem,urces:thelocallybroughtuppeople,thegraduatesfromtheinstitutionsofhigherlearning,andthepersonnelflowingfromthesystem,namelyfromthandforpersonnelandalsoamassflowofpersonnelacrossregions,,,,,therehasbeennoinstitutioneng,thelatestdataaboutthepersonnelworkinginnon-stateenterpriseswerec,non-systempersonnelareeagertoreceivesocial,wehaveneglectedandevenignoredtheeffectivemanagementofnon-systempersonnel,,someexpertsurgedthegovernmenttoexerciseeffectiveadministrationoverthesepersonnelandtointroducesomepoliciesandregulationstoeffectivelyencouragenoga“potentialsharedresource”andtherulesgoverningtheguidanceofsocialandeconomicdevelopmentovertheflowofpersonnelhasledtoawidedifferencebetweenthemanagementofsystempersonneladministrationandthatofnon-systempersonnel,andhashencema,asthe“resourcesforpersonnelrecognition”atthedisposaloftheinstitutionsinsidethesystemareoverwhelminglybetterthanthoseatthedisposaloftheinstitutionsoutsidethesystem,,mostgraduatesfromuniversitiesandsecondaryschoolstrytheirbesttofin,thenumberofstate-ownedenterpriseshasgraduallydiminishedandthatofprivateente,suchaflowisdetrimentaltodevelopingandimprovingthesocialistmarketeconomy,toeconomicdevelopment,on-SystemPersonnelComparedwithsystempersonnel,non-systempersonnelaretreateddifferentlyintermsofvaluepreference,ideologicalconcept,interestpursuit,-defined,,theranksof,systempersonnelhaveclearadministrative,thesepeoplewillredefin,Trainingandemploymentofsystempersonneloftenobservepasttraditions,eundermarketconditionsandgen,,personalgrowthoramplespacefordevelopment,,,systempersonnelareinastateof,andhavetoassumehighpsych,theirjobsarestable,sseniorityandage....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLaiYouweiResearchReportNo210,2005China’,theserviceindustryisstillconfrontedwithprominentproblems,suchassmallbusinessturnover,anirrationalstructure,low-levelservice,,theCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinastatedinitsProposalsontheFormationofthe11thFive-YearPlanforEconomicandSocialDevelopmentthatthedevelopmentoftheserviceindustryshouldbespedupandtheproportionandleveloft,ChinaneedsfirstofalltoremovebotviceIndustryComparedwiththemanufacturingindustry,manysectorsofthe,,andthekeytaskfortheregionalgovernment:(1)izecontrolsandreduceandevenabolishexaminationandapproval,theserviceindustrgovernmentdepartm,theindustrialandcommercialadministration,financeandthePeople’sBank.(2),Shanghaihad103regionalheadquartersofmultinationalcompanies(54ofwhichhadbeencertified),Singaporeandotherplacesisveryopenandliberal,thesemultinationa,thesettlementcenterofafinancialinstitutionhasto,thisnabletotrulyperformtheirduties.(3)industryhaverestrictedtheentryofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesan,Chinastipulatesthatalogisticsenterpri,b,thegovernmentshouldgraduallyliberalizeeconomiccontrolsovertheserviceindustryandatthesametimestrengthensocialcontrolsoverenvironmentalprotection,,itsregulationoversomesectorsoftheserviceindustryishighlyrandom,entsinchargeofindustrialadministrationonlypayatte,"controlling"to"servicing".Asaresult,nenoughtoChineseandforeigninvestorsInChina,Chineseandforeigninvestorsarepr,,logisticsandcourierservicesarenotedforfiercemarketcompetition,buttheyare,themanagementofticketofficeofcivilaviationandtravelserviceagencyisallowedonlyforstatecapital,,toacertainextent,reducedthevitalityhinderedtheintroductionanddigestionoftheadvancedknow-esofculture,logisticsandinformationresourcesarea,administrationsgoverningtheinformationresourcesindustryincludetheMinistryofInformationIndustry,theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofPublicSecurity,theMinistryofCulture,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theGeneralAdministrationofPressandPublication,theStateIntellectualPropertyOffice,theStateAdministrationofRadio,partmentshasresult,therearetherearerepetitionlopmentoftheirservicesystems,,asaresultofChina’sfailuretodesignpropersystemstorationallydistinguishpublicbenefitundertakingsfromprofit-orientedbusinesses,theprovisionofpublicserviceshasbeeninefficientandthedevelopmentofprofit-orientedbusinessesforhigh-enddemandhasbeeninadequate.万亿正网开户重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByGeYanfeng,DeputyDirector-GeneraloftheResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopment,’,China’smedicalsystemhasundergoneall-roundchangesSincereformandopening-up,basedonthedevelopmentgoalsanddevelopmentmodesaswellasthefundamentalsystemchangesbroughtaboutbyreform,China’,theruralcooperativemedicalsystemwasdevelopedmainlyonthebasisofthecollectiveeconomycoveringvirtuallyallpeople,anditwasgraduallydissolvedwiththeimplementationofthehouseholdre,thegovernmentsatalllevelsbegantopromoteanewtypeofruralcooperativemedicalsystem,,theystillhavetorelyontheirownandtheirfamilies’,withthereformofenterprisesystemandthefiscalsystem,thetraditionalsystemoflaborprotection,medicalservicesandpublic,abasicmedicalandinsurancesystemcombiningsocialpoolwit,onlyaboutone-thirdoftheurbanpopulationiscoveredbythissystem,butforthemajorityoftheurbanresidents,theystillhavetorelyontheirownandtheirfamilies’,theownershipofmedicalserviceinstitutions,ontheonehand,hasgraduallychangedfromthesingletypeofownershiptothecoexistenceofdifferenttypesofownerships,andontheotherhand,theorganizationalandoperatingmechanismsofthemedicalserviceinstit,state-ownedorcollectively-ownedmedicalserviceinstitutionsallborrowedthecorporateoperationandmanagementmodescenteredon"powerdelegation"and"emphasisonintereststimulus,"andthegoalsoftheseinstitutionsalsochanged:fromthesolepursuito,restrictionsandcontrolontheaccesstoandwithdrawalfromvariouslevelsofmedicalserviceswereweakened,theservicepriceswereincreasinglydecidedbythesupply-demandrelationship,,thetraditionalplannedmanagementwaslifted,,thsystemreformTheall-roundreformofthemedicalsystemhasmadesomeachievements,mainly:throughcompetitionandtheparticipationofprivateeconomicsectors,thes,thenumberofdoctorsandthenumberofhospitalbedswerealsoincreasedremarkablycomparedtotheperiodoftheplannedeconomy,nsnoticeablystimulatedtheenthusiasmofthemedicalserviceinstitutionsandtherelatedpersonnel,,however,thattheabove-,themostdirectandobviousproblemsare:therapidriseofthetechnologicallevelwhichiscoupledwiththeexcessivepursuitofeconomicinterestsbythemedicalserviceinstitutionsandenterprisesinthefieldsofpharmaceuticalproductionandcirculation,,alongwiththeoveralldeclineinthecoverageofmedicalguaranteesystem,hasledtothephenomenonthatanincreasinglynumberofmiddleandlowincom3indicatedthatabout49%ofthepeoplesurveyedcouldnotseedoctorswhentheywereill,about29%couldnotbeadmittedintothehospitalsfortreatmentwhentheywereillandshouldhavebeenadmittedintohospitals,andthemost,themarketsupply-demandrelationshiphasgraduallybecomethemajorfactorinthedistributionofmedicalresources,andmedicalandhealthresourcesgraduallyshiftedfromtheruralareastothecities,andfromthebackwardregionstothedevelopedregions,andthepriorityofmedicalandhealWorldHealthOrganizationin2000,Chinarankedthe188th,andintermsofefficiencyofhealthinput,,attheinitialstageofthereformandopening,usedabout3%ofitsGDPasmedicalinputandbasicallysatisfiedthedemandofbasicmedicalservicesforalmostallofitscitizens,andmanyindexesofitscitizens’healthreachedthelevelofmedium-developedcountries,andChinawasthencitedasamodelintermsofmhina’smedicalfieldinrecentyearsareundeniable,,butalsocausesaseriesofsocialproblemssuchaspoverty,groidentshavebecomea,itwouldnotonlyaffecttheeconomicgrowth,butals,,ithasbecomeaconsensusamongallthesocialcircles.ProjectTeamonAnalysisofMacroEconomy*icsituationin2006include:theoverallleveloftheeconomicgrowthincreasedoverlastyear,andtheeconomicperformancessho,,,%,andtheindustrialenterprise,sincethelaterhalfof2006,economicperformanceremainedstableasawhole,withlittleposs:First,thefactorofdemandsupportingthefasteconomicgrowthhasappearedtobestrong,andconsumption,inparticular,tendstobemoreactive,thusbringingmoremotivepowertothedevelopmentofsuchterminalindustriesashousingandtransportationaswellasnumeroussmallandmedium-sizedenterprises;foreigntradesurpluscontinuestoexpand,drivingforththedomesticindustries,,thelowincreaseofpricessuggeststhatthemarketcompetitionhasbecomemorefierce,put,enterpriseshavemuchadaptedthemselvestothec,someindustrieswhichusedtobeconsideredinexcessofproductioncapacityhavescorednewdevelopmentafterstructuraladjustment,,outputofcementrose21%yearonyear,%yearonyear,,fromJanuarythroughAugust,profitsrealizedbythecementindustryrose135%yearonyear;%,t,andaselectionwillbeheldthisyearforlocalgovernmentsandPartycommitteesonexpirationofofficeterms,,thecentralgovernmenthasadoptedaseriesofcontrollingmeasuressincethisyear,focusingonstrengtheningcontroloverthenewlystartedprojectsandinputofmediumandlong-termloans,aswellasoverenergyconsumptionandenvironmentalpollutionandhasenforcedstrictmanagementofincomesfromlandsupply,andtheourqualitativeestimatesofvariouskindsoffactors,%andthepricesofhouseholdconsumergoodswillrisewithin2%.tOverrecentyears,Chinasforeig,China,;inthefirsthalfof2006,%%rowingimbalanceofpaymentsintheworld,whichisunfavorabletothestabilityofforeignexchangeratesandtheforeigntradeandforeigninvestmentenvironment,andhasresultedintheveisoneoftheconspicuousissu:oneistheexpansionofforeigntradesurplusandtheotherisinvestmentfromabroadtoChinaisbiggerthanChina,,itcanbeseenthatthereisstillabigpotentialforChinatobeadvantageousinlaborforceresource,thespaceforthedevelopmentofprocessingtradeisstillbigandexportwillstillmaintainafastgrowth;meanwhile,undertheinfluenceofthekeencompetitionindomesticmarketandthechangeinthestructureofimportedgoods(importofresourceproductsandhi-techproductshasincreased,whileimportofgoodsofordinarytechnologyhasreduced),,,itneedstobepointedoutthatelementsforrestrainingexportfromincreasingandfo:First,demandosmajortradepartners(15countriesofEuroarea,USA,Japan,SouthKoreaandChina’sHongKongSAR)hasacyclicalfluctuatingphenomenonof5years,afterDecemberof2004importdemandofthemajortradepartnershasenteredintoacyclicalshrinkingperiod,%%%%,thecon,inSeptemberof2006,%,%%(Julyof2006).Thecontinuousappre,thepolicyfactorsuchascancellationofexporttaxrefundforh,worldtradeconflictshaveaggravated,,increaseinimportof,in2005,%,%%;increaseinimportofcrudeoilandoilproductshasbeenlow,evenreduced(%--17%),%%respectively,%%.Fromtheperspectiveoftheutilizationofforeigninvestment,itcanbeseenthatChina’seconomyhasgrowncontinuallyandrapidly,pricesoflaborforceandlandarelowandtheinvestmentenvironmenthasbeenimprovedcontinually,whichwillcontinuetoattractforeigninvestmenttoChina;meanwhile,undertheinfluenceofRMBappreciationandthegradualadjustmentandimprovementofthepoliciesforforeigninvestmentutilization,,fromJanuarythroughSeptemberof2006,,%,withinaperiodoftimeinthefuture,foreignexchangereservewillstillcontinuetoincrease,,,short-termpolicymeasuresshouldbeadoptedtostabilizethemacro-economyandmediumandlong-termstrategiesshouldbeworkedouttosolvethecontradictionofimbalanceofpaymentaswell.JinSanlinMiJianguoEstablishingChinasoilreserves,andstage-IprojectstartedinDalian,Huangdao,,thegovernmentestablishedthenationaloilreserveoffice,organizedsomeoilreservebasecompanies,,theestablishmentofChinasoilreservesystemislimitedtogovernmentsreserveandenterprisesobligatoryreservehasnotbeensetupandenterprises,theobjectivescale,managementsystem,operationmechanism,fundguaranteeandcostcontrolrelatedtoChinasoilreserveneedtobesolvedurgentlyandoilreserveisstilloneoftheweakestlinksinChina,asystematicresearchontheproblemofChinasOilReserveSystemOilreserveisaseriesofsystematic,organizedoil:(1)Themainbodyofoilreserveincludesboththegovernmentandenterprises;(2)Theobjectiveofoilreserveistorespondtooilsupplyemergencyoroilcrisis,soastoguaranteenationalsecurity;(3)Oilreserveshallbecarriedoutsystematicallyundertheunifiedorganizationofthenation,reserve,theInternationalEnergyAssociation(IEA)dividesoilreserveintogovernmentreserve,enterprisereserveandagencyreserve.(1)GovernmentreserveGovernmentreserveisincorporatedintogovernmentsfinancialbudget,thegovernmentprovidesthefundfortheestablishment,purchase,maintenanceandcontrol,theobjectiveistoti,egovernment,withhightransparencyandgoodemergencyeffectanditisaneffectivemeasuretoresistrisks,guaranteethesafety,balancethesupplyanddemand,,becauseoftheshortageofeffectivecompetitionmeans,theoperationefficiencyislowwhilethemaintenancecostishigh,whichwillconsequentlyincreasetheburdenoftheconsumers.(2)EnterprisereserveEnterprisereserveistheoilreserveundertakenbyoilmanufacturers,importers,oilrefiningenterprises,salesenterprisesandmajoroilconsumingenterprises,etheenterprise,becausecommercialreserveisrestrictedbyenterprisescostandbenefit,thereservevolumeisoftenlessthanlegalreserve,however,litiescanbeusedforlegalreserve,itisofhighoperationefficiency,lowoperationcost,andquickandconvenientactionwithlowtransparencyandlowjustice,anditisdifficulttobesupervised,meanwhile,,itcanincreaseenterprisescapacitytoresistriskswheninternationaloilsupplyisnotadequateandthepricejumpsup,anditcanincreaseenterprisesabsorptioncapacitywheninternationaloilsupplyisadequateandthepricegoesdown,thusitimprovesenterprisesoperationsecurityandeconomicbenefit,however,itisoflowjusticeandefficiencytorespondtothesocialcrisis.(3)AgencyreserveAgencyreserve(alsoknownasintermediaryorganizationsreserve),istheobligatoryoilreserveundertakenbypublicornongovernmentalorganizationsspecifiedbylaw,infact,itisamodeofenterprises,allofitsmembersaretheenterpriseswithreserveobligationstipulatedbylaw,theseenterprisobligatoryreserveandthestocks,itcanbeeasilysupervisedwithhightransparency,,moreandmoreattentionispaidtoagencyreserve,thenumberofthecountriesowningagencyreserveisincreasingwithyears,andenterprisessoilreservesystemGovernmentreserve,enterpriselegalreserve,agencyreserveandcommercialreserve,differentcountrieshavedifferentsituation,sotheoilreservesystemsaredifferent,,themostcommonthreekindsofcombinationmodesare:governmentreservewithcommercialreserve;governmentreservewithenterpriseslegalreserveandcommercialreserve;agencyreservewithenterprises,a,theobjectiveofpublicreserveistoresistthethreatof“oilsupplydisruption”,goilvolume,butdoesnotbeartheresponsibilityforregulatingtheoilprices,andthesupplyanddemandonintern,otherwisethecountryislikelytousepublicreservefrequentlytoregulateandcontroloilmarket,orinterveneintheenterprisennotbereached,andmoreovertheont-linescreenfortheprotectionofoilsecurity,(twoscreens)dependoneachotherandsupplementeachother,erveandcommercialreserve;meanwhileitdeterminesthatthetwok73,themajoroilimportingcountriesoftheUnitedStates,JapanandGermanyhavesetupnationaloilreservesystem,effort,thesecountrieshaveestablishednationaloilreservesysteminlightoftheirrespectivesituation,whichhasplayedanimportantroleinguaranteeingnationaleconomicsecurityandmaintainingthestabilityoftheworld,andthedifferencesrelatedtonationaloilreservesystemaremainlythedifferencesinreservemodeandcombinationmodebetweengovernmentreserve,enterprisescreserveandenterprises,theoilembargoagainsttheWesterncountr,theAmericangovernmentdecidedtosetupnationalstrategicoilreservesystemandtheobjectivewastoprotectandbufferAmerica,TheAmericanCongressapprovedtheEnergyPolicyandConservationAct(EPCA),authorizedtheMinistryofEnergytoestablishandmanagethestrategicoilreserve,andclarifiedtheobjective,managementandoperationmechanismofthestrategicoilreserve....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLaiYouweiResearchReportNo089,ntoftherecycleeconomyhasseenabootancetothestrategy,theeconesourcesandpollution,,,weshouldsolvethefollowingproblems:First,thehindranceincowayofproductionoftherecycleee,orprice,makingithardforthewayofproductionoftherecycle,thefeespaidbytheenterprisesandconsumersforthewastesandpollutantdischargesaremuchlowerthanthecompensationforpollutiondamages,,iftheexternalcostswouldnotbeinternalized,,insouthernJiangsuprovince,manytextileenterpriseshavebuiltthesystemfortheuseofmiddlewater,,underthecurrentpricingsystem,,howwillanoperationsystembeestablishedwhichisguidedbythegovernment,basedonthemarketanddrivenbythepublicRecycleeconomyisacomplicatedsystemsengineering,whichrequiresthejointeffortofvariousdepartments,,therehasnotbeenauniversalmechanismtha,andafairlygoodbasishasbeenlaid,rentpol,therehasnot,responsibilityextensionsystemfortheproducers,classificationandrecyclingofrenewableresourcesandthepricingmechanismforthe,thegovernmentp,thefinancialandtaxationpoliciesarenotcompleteenoughandhavenotofferedsufficientsupporttoenergy-andwater-savingproductsaswellasthelowoil-ade,thegovernmentdepartmentsconc,localitiesanddepartmentsconcernedstillhavemisunderstandingaboutit.(1)SomelocalgovernmentsandenterpriseshavenotreallybeenawareofthesignificanceofthedevelopmentofrecycleeconomyInthefirst20yearsofthiscentury,C,t,someenterpriseleadershavenotcoonomyintheenterprises.(2)SomelocalgovernmentsanddepartmentshavenotbeenfullyawareoftheurgencyofdevelopingrecycleeconomyTheyonlythinkfromtheperspectiveoftheirowninterestandgains,notfromthenationallevelandstrategicperspective,whichha,,t(3)SomelocalgovernmentsanddepartmentsdonothaveadeepunderstandingofrecycleeconomyTheyhavelittleknowledgeoftheconcept,connotations,functionsandwayofimplementingtherecycleeconomy,lopmentintotheframeworkofrecycleeconomy;,governmentdepartmentswouldnotbpmentofrecycleeconomyManycountriesinthewor,Germany,NorthernEuropeancountries,France,UK,Italy,Spain,SingaporeandSouthKoreahavealsopromulgatedlawsonthedevelopmentofrecycleeconomy,eitherintermsof,Chinahasnorises,,LawontheAssessmentofEnvironmentalImpactandtheRenewableEnergyLawhaveallplaceddemandsonthedevelopmentofrecycleeconomy,,thecountherehasnotbeenacompletepricingmechanismtoreflectthescarcityofresourcesandsupplyanddemandrelationship,vetheprinedCurrently,Chinaha,theresearchanddevel,especiallysmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesdonothavestrongtechnicalstrengthaswellasth20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByLinZeyanResearchReportNo173,2006EntrustedbytheHumanResourcesBureauoftheOrganizationDepartmentoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,theHumanResourcesResearchandTrainingCenteroftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilconductedasamplequestionnairesurveyoverthecurrentstateofcorporatehumanresources[1]ondepartmentsoftheCPCprovincial(municipal)committeesacrossthecountry,thesurveycoverednearly10,000enterprisesand60,,lopmentWiththeestablishmentofasocialistmarketeconomyandtheintensificationofmarketcompetition,t"buildingthenationthroughhumanresourcesdevelopment"wasintroduced,diverseandwide-rangingpoliciesoncor,thedevelopmentofcorporatehumanresourceshasbeenstrengthenedandacontingentofcar,,,nterpriseshavereceivedcollegeoraboveeducation,wnedenterprises,ent,therearetwoissu"double-track"systemforhumanresourcesdevelopmenthasledtoanaggregateshortageincorporatehumanresourcesandaseriousimbalanceinthehumanresourcesstructureComparedwiththedemandoftheongoingindustrialrestructuring,thechangeinthemodeofeconomicgrowthandthecorporatedevelopmentandinnovation,humanresourcesaregrosslyinsufficientforenterprisesandespeciallyforindustrialenterpri,the12sectorswheremorethan60outof100peoplehavereceivedcollegeoraboveeducationareallinthetertiaryindustry,includieswanttogototheinternationalmarketinthenext10-15years,theyneedatleast75,,onlyabout3,000–5,,onlymorethan40percentofthe5,000ChineseCEOshavereceiveduniversityeducatindmanagerialpersonnelbasetheirdecision-makingonintuitionorhearsays,,humanresourcesareoverused,over-consumedorwasted,ntregions,,boththeaggregateamountandthequalityofthehumanresourcesinthesecondaryindustryarerelativelylow,,therelativeeconomiccontributionofthehumanreso,corporatehumanresourcesare"strongineastandweakinwest"and"goodineastandpoorinwest".Intermsofthedistributionofoperationalandmanagerialpersonnel,thestate-ownedenterprisesaremostlyinsixsectors:manufacturing;finance;transportation,warehousingandpostalservice;construction;mining;:manufacturing,construction,andwholesaleandretail,,Zhejiang,,,"officialrankistakenastheonlycriterionforjudgingone’ssocialworth"andthat"thosewhoworkwiththeirbrainsruleandthosewhoworkwiththeirhandsareruled".Asurveycovering4,000householdsind,theyaregovernmentorgans,publicinstitutions,monopolyenterprises,financeandinsurance,"double-track"systemforhumanresourcesdevelopmentbetweengovernmentorgans,,thoseemployedingovernmentorgansandpublicinstitutionsfeellessrisky,moresecureandmoresociallyrespected,whilethoseemployedinenterprisesandespeciallyinhighlymarketizedandtrulycompetitiveenterprisesfeelmorerisky,,thegovernmentorgansandpublicinstitutionsimplementthehighlysecure"employmentandretirementsystems"whilethehighlymarketizedenterprisesfollowthe"employmentandendowmentinsurancesystems".Incomparison,thoseemployedinenterpriseshaveafair,mostjob-seekerspreferthepositionsthatofferlifetimesecurity,power,fame,gainandlesscareerrisktotheskill-requiredpostsandcorporatepositions.、万亿正网开户用户至上澳门伟德足球网址ByNiHongriHongTingResearchReportNo188,2005ThetransferpaymentsmadefromChina’scentralrevenuetoregionalrevenuescomprisesthreeforms:thefinancialpower-basedtransferpayment,thespecialtransferpayment,andthetaxrebateandformerinstitutionalizedsubsidy(oneviewarguesthatthetaxrebateandformerinstitutionalizedsubsidyshouldnotberegardedasaformoffiscaltransferpayment).Thefinancialpower-basedtransferpaymentsarefiscalsubsidiesforpromotingregionalgovernments’financialpower,andaredesignedmainlytobalanceinter-regionalfinanciceregionalbudgetsandmeetthebasicspendituresforvariousregionswereworkedoutinaccordancewiththe,,themethodofdistributingthegeneraltransferpaymentfvelopingChina’swesternregionsandsupportingthedevelopmentofethnicregions,incesandregiocregionsthatwasspeciallyintroducedin2000andisincreasingprogressiveionsandtstransferredtotheseethnicregionsandhalfoftheincreasedamountisreturnedtothe,asthereexistbothobjectivedisparitiesinlevelsofeconomicdevelopmentacrossdifferentethnicregionsaswellasfinancialpowerinequalitiesbetweendifferentregions,theotherhalfisdistributedtoregions(includingtheTibetanAutonomousRegion)intheformoftransferpaymebythecentralgovernmentanddoesnotparticipateinthetaxrebatemadebythecentralgovernmenttoregionalgovernmentsbasedonthe1:,ncialcrisisandeasetheinsufficiencyofeffectivedomesticdemand,,thegovernmentintroducedaseriesofpoliciestoraisetheincomelevel,thegovernmentraisedthewagesofthoseworkingingovernmentandpublicinstitutionsaswellasthepensionsofretireesfourtimes,andintroducedthepoliciesofgivinglump-sumyear-endbonusestoemployeesetoanotherandasdifferentregionshaddifferentcapacitiestobearincreasedwageexpenditures,thecentralgovernmentdecidedthatthegovernmentsofBeijing,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Guangdong,Fujianandothercoastaldevelopedregionswouldbeartheincreasedspendingarisingfromtheimplementationofthesepoliciesandthatthecentralfinancewouldgiveappropriatesubsidiestotheoldindustri,iculturaltaxDuringtheperiodofreformingruraltaxesandfees,thecentralrevenuegaveappropriatesubsidiestovaorssuchasraisingtheagriculturaltaxafterthe"threeretainedfeesandfiveoverallplannedfees"wereabolishedandincorporatedintotheagriculturaltaxandtherevenue-reducingfactorssuchasloweringtheagriculturalspecialtytaxrate,abolisrincipleofunifiedstandard,justice,fairness,opennessandtransparencyandinfavorofthemajoragriculturalprovinces,leadinggrainproducingregions,,thecentralrevenueintensifiedtransferpaymentsafterabgfromtheabolitionoftheagriculturaltax,theleadinggrainproducingregionsandthecentralandwesternactuallycollectedamount(includingsurcharge)oftheagricingregionsincentralandwesternChina,80percentforthenon-leadinggrainproducingregions,and50percentfortheleadinggrainproducingregions(includingFujian),transferpaymentsfromt,moreregion,thecoastaldevelopedregionsboretheburdensingle-handedly,andtheleadinggrainproducingregionsandthecentralandwesternrelightofthefiscaldifficultiesofcountyandtownshipgovernments,thecentralfinanceissuedtheOpinionson,innovatingmechanismsandtighteningmanagement,ai,thecentralfinanceearmarked15billionyuanin2005fortheestablishmentofa"threerewardsandonesubsidy"stimulatpensionoftheregulatorytaxforthereorientationoftheinvestmentinfixedassets,thesubsidyforthereducedregionalfiscalrevenuearisingfromtheimplementationofthenaturalforestprotectionproject,thesubsidyforthereducedfiscalrevenuearisingfromretiringfarmlandfortreeandgrassgrowing,andotherrelevantsubsidies.——SurveyonProjectof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland"inHandanCityByWangHui,InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourceofDRC,JinSanlin,ResearchInstituteofRuralEconomyofDRCJiangHaoduan,,tmanyoflandresources,whichha,atpresent,thenumberoftheda,accountingfor11%,,in2005,theoutputofrawcoalisabout2billiontons,ited,thereclamationoftheabandonedminingareasissignificbytheMinistryofLandandResources,,accountingfor11%,therateofnationallandreclaimedis12%,whichisfarlessthanthatofover50%’hearablelandisanimportantmeasurestoimplementscientificviewofdevelopment,adheretothemoststri,developcycledeconomy,establisheconomicsociety,andpromotetheall-roundcoelopmentandConsolidationPlanin2003,listing,,consideringlocalfeatures,somelocalgovernmentshavemadealotofachievementsandacquiredexperiencesthroughstudyingandimple,theprojectof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland"promotedbyHandanCityhasmadegreateffectsinpromotingthereclamationofabandonedminingareas,raisingtheefficiencyoflanduse,,,gicalsituationwithdesertedland,environmentaldeteriorationinminingareas,,withcloseupofpartialmineresources,regulationofminingindustry,andadjustmentofminingindustrystructure,miningindustry,economizeandutilizelandresourcesinminingareas,HandancityhasinvestedmorethanRMB100millionyuansince2003,andimplementedtheintegratedregulationprojectof"ThousandMinesandMoreAcres".,andhasgainedpositiveeconomicbenefits,:Firstly,rcesdepartment,HandanCityhasmadeouttheintegratedregulationimplementationplanof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland",stickingtothepolicythat"theonewhoreclaimsgainbenefits",,,onmentinalltheclosed-upminesintwoyears.Secondly,,HandanCityhasestablishedthemulti-channelinvestmentsystemwithself-raisedfundsbybeneficiaryunitsasthemajorway,andotherinvestmentassupplement,bri,thatis,nationallandresourcesdepartmentsubsidizesRMB15thousandyuanforthereclamationofeveryonehectareofland,withresourcesreservefundsaslaunchingcapitalfortheproject,andlocalgovernment,individualsandcollectivesareeffe,"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland",HandanCityhassetoutandformulatedvariouskindsofregulationmodes,suchasturningwasteresidueandabandonedareasintoland,forcultivation,.Thesefeaturedmodesofreclamation,havemaximallyutilizedvariousabandonedlandbymines,andminimizedthecostofreclamation,whichhavenotonlyeffectivelyimprovedtheecologicalenvironmentoftheminingareas,,rectifyingtheorder,"threeregulations"thatmustbeoperatedsimultaneously—thecombinationofregulatingdisorderandregulatingmessy,thecombinationofrectificationandconformity,andthecombin,regulatingdisordermeanstostrictlysuperviseillegalactionintermsofprospectingandminingwithoutlicense,orbeyondthepermittedareas;regulatingmessymeanstoformulateandimplementtheplanofintegratingallthemineresourcesinHandanCity,optimizeandmakeall-roundadjustmentinthelayoutoftheminingfield,andtopromotetheexplorationandutilizationofresources;seekingpermanentsolutiontotheproblemsmeanstointensifythemanagementofminingrights,drivethecommercializationofminingrights,andpromotetheestablishmentofgreenminestargetingtheprojectof"ThousandMinesandMoreAcres".Besides,intheprocessofreclamationoftheabandonedlandbymines,basingonoverallsituationofregionaleconomicdevelopment,startingfromindustrialtransformationfortheminingcity,andsolvingproblemsrelatedtominingindustry,mines,miningcityandminers,HandanCityhasexploredthenewtrainsofthoughtsinreclaimingabandonedlandbymines,andformulated"planofoptimizingtheregulationoflandforminesandlayoutofcitylandforconstruction".Throughregulationanddisplacementofabandonedlandbymines,underthepreconditionofassuringthetotalareaoffarmland,guaranteeingthequality,andmaintainingthetotalnumberoflandforconstruction,HandanCityhasoptimizedlanddistribution,,itisworthyofdrawinglessonsfromtheplan’srationalityandfeasibility....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByFengJieXuanXiaoweiResearchReportNo139,2006Thedegreeofregionalindustrialdivisionandindustrialcooperationcanreflectboththeresourceandindustrialadvantage’smanufacturingandfundamentalindustriesandthechangesinthisdistributioninrecentyearsandsummarizessomeofthenewprogress,’sManufacturingIndustriesHavePostedaRisingSpatialConcentrationIndexandtheManufacturingSectorasaWholeIsHighlyConcentratedThechangesinthespatialconcentrationindexofthemanufacturingindustriesareanimportantmanifestationofthetrendofindust’s20manufacturingindustriesin2003(alsocalledtheindustrialspatialGinicoefficient,whichmeasuresthedistributionofproductivity,namely,totaloutputvalues,ofvariousindustriesin31provincesandregions),,thehighlyconcentra(),chemicalfibers(),instrumentsandofficemachinery(),textiles(),electricmachineryandequipment()andmetalproducts().Therewe()andpharmacy().Intermsoftheprocessofchanges,Chart1indicatesthatmostmanufacturingindustr,,theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover10percenthigherwerepapermakingandpaperproducts()andchemicalfibers().Theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover5percenthigherwerechemicalrawmaterialandchemicalproducts(),foodprocessing(),electronicandcommunicationsequipment()andmetalproducts().Inthemeantime,therewpment(-)andtobaccoprocessing(-).Inaddition,foodproduction(-)andpetroleumprocessingandcokeproduction(-),theaboveinformationindicatesthatthedegreeofspecializeddivisionoflaborbasedonmarketcompetitionandonscaleofeconomywasconstantlyrising,butsomeindustries(suchastheauto,pharmacy,tobaccoandliquorindustries)werestillnotedforscattereddistributionofproductivityduetoth’sManufacturingIndustriesoverPastFiveYears、DVORGraph2IncreaseoftheTotalRetailValueofSocialConsumerGoodsfromMay2005toJune2006Source:sortedoutaccordingtoChinaEconomicBoomMonthlyWhatisworthnoticinginCPIchangeinthefirsthalfoftheyearisthattheconductivityofthe,duetotheinfluenceoftheincreaseinworldoilprices,thestatetwiceraisedpricesofoilproducts,esourceprices,andtheriseofresourcepricesinevitablybroughtabouttheoverallrisingoftheserviceprices,thusleadingtotheincreaseofCPIdirectlyorindirectly.(5)Housingpricesremainedhigh,andpricesinsomecitiesgrewexcessivelyhighInthefirsthalfof2006,%overthesameperiodoflastyear,;inthesecondquarter,increaseofthesalespricesofthenewly-builtcommercialhousingbegantobounceback,,salespricesofthesecond-handhousesthroughoutthecountryrosesteadily,%inJune,showingafallaftertherise,whichsuggestedth%inthesecondquarterascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear,,,pricesofthenewly-builtresidencesin23citieshadsurpassedthecountrysaverageinJune,of%%respectivelyoverthesameperiodoflastyear,,%;(6)MonetarycreditshowedamomentumofexcessivelyrapidgrowthThefirsthalfoftheyearsawafinancialsituationof"easymoney,easycredit".BytheendofJune,thebroadmoney(M2)%overthesameperiodlastyear,,(M1)%,;cashincirculation(M0)%,,thenewly-increasedRMBloansamountedto2170billionyuan,,%oftheexpectedcontrollingtargetof2500billionyuanforthewholeyearof2006(seeGraph3).Undersuchcircumstances,themobilityofthebankingsystemwasmadetobeexcessivelyloose,thusfurtherleadingtotherapidgrowthofthefixedassetinvestment.PopulationProportioninCitiesofDifferentScalesamongCitieswithaPopulationof100,000andabovein2000Data:TheChineseurbanpopulationdataarefromthepopulationcensusin2sandtheecologicalenvironmentundergreatpressure(1)itiesisonthelowside,,suchasJapanandSouthKorea,theinten~,~,~~ntdensityofthecentralbusinesscentersisallaround50,000~100,000persons/kmandthatofNewYorkreachesashighas240,000persons/,urbanstructuresarefeaturedmainlybylowbuildingsandthestereoscopicurbanlandspacesarenotfullyutilized,therefore,theroleoftheurbanspacesinaccommodatingp,,,whichisseriouslynotinlinewithChinasactualsituationofmorepeopleandlessland.(2)ters,andthereisadiscrepancybetweenthedevelopmentofurbaninfrastructurefacilities(includingcommunications),suchastheundergroundpipelinenetworksandtheenvironmentharnessing,isquitelagging,being,lypoorandtndhaveaddedtothetravelingandsocialoperationalcosts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLvGang,Re,2006Sincethepolicyofreformandopeningupwasintroduced,hugeprogresshasbeenmadeinChinasforeigntrade,withtotalexportvolumeincreasinginarapidandcontinuousmannerandtheshareofmanufacturedgoods,mechanicalandele,manypeoplebelievethatChinasexportsexportstructureThisis,infact,anissueofhowtoevaluateChinasindustrialstructurewhichismirroredinthecountry,itwouldbedifficulttojudgethedevelopmentphaseofChinasforeigntradeandindustrialization,andevenmoresotoestablishsuitablepoliciestofurtherraisethelevelofthecountry,thisarticleanalyzesthedevelopmentofChinasexportstructuresincethemid1990sandcomparesitwiththatofdevelopedcountrieslikeSouthKorea,Germany,hnologicalstructureofanationsexportsistoclassifytheminto8categoriesbyone-digitcodesoftheStandardInternationalTradeClassification(SITC)oftheUnitedNations,inwhichCategories0~4areclassifiedasprimaryproducts,Categories6and8aslabor-intensivepr,,notallironandsteelprsmore,thecharac[1]istoclassifyabout200products,usingthethree-digitSITCcodes,into5categoriesbytheintensityofRDinputs,namely,primaryproducts,resource-basedproducts,lowtechnologymanufactures,mediumtechnologymanufacturesandhightechnologymanufactures(SeeTable1below).,itfailstodistinguishtheRDintensitiesofthesameproductindifferentprocessingstages,,thismethodisapparentlymore,thisapproachisappliedintheanalysisofthisarticle.。

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